Interesting facts about Red Fort (Lal Qila)
The Red Fort (Lal Qila) is a historical fort in New Delhi, the national capital of India.
The fort was constructed by Shah Jahan in 1639 when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi.
Some of the interesting facts about Red Fort are given below:
1) Its design was designed by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, who also constructed the Taj Mahal.
2) The construction of Red Fort began in the sacred month of Muharram, on 13 May 1638. It was completed on 6 April 1648.
3) The Fort was named Red Fort because of the high enclosing walls constructed in red sandstone. The fort is still recognized by its Red walls.
4) Originally, the Red Fort was white in color. As per the Archaeological Survey of India, lime plaster had been used in the construction of the monument. It is believed that when the white plaster started fading off, the British painted the monument in Red.
5) Emperor Shah Jahaan’s royal throne, stood in Diwan-i-Khas was made of solid gold and studded with precious stones. One of them was the world’s largest one, popularly know by the name Kohinoor. The precious stone was later looted by Nadir Shah and today it is part of England’s Royal Crown Jewels collection.
6) The most beautiful attraction of the fort is “Rang Mahal”(also knows as the Palace of Colors). It was built for the wives of the emperor’s. No men were allowed here except emperor himself and princess.
7) The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was trialed for treason by the British in his own home, Red Fort. The trial took place in Diwan-i-Khas in front of British Court. The trial found emperor guilty and after which he was exiled to Rangoon.
8) After the end of the Mughal rule, the British looted all the valuables from the Red Fort and destroyed everything.
9) On our first Independence day(15 August 1947), the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag at the Red Fort. Since then, every year on India’s Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India hosts the national flag at the Red Fort and delivers a speech addressing the people of the Nation.
10) Red Fort was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
TIMINGS: [As per January 2017]
Sunrise to Sunset (Monday closed)
ENTRY FEE:[As per January 2017]
Rs. 10 (Indians), Rs. 250 (Foreigners)
Chatta Chowk: Bazaar (market) where you can shop for handicrafts and jewellery.
Diwan-i-Aam: Public Audience Hall, which is ornamented with beautiful panels.It was also used for state functions.
Diwan-i-Khas: Hall of Private Audience.
Rang Mahal or the Palace of Colors: The Rang Mahal was built for the wives of the emperor’s.
Light and Sound Show: This is one thing you won’t like to miss. The show starts at 6 pm(As per January 2017) and showcases the main highlights of the Mughal History with lights and sounds. You will have to buy additional ticket for the show. The price of the ticket is Rs. 80 (Adults) and Rs. 30 (Children) (As per January 2017).